Standing Up to the US Government

Today I received this mail from my Hawaiian friend Leon Siu, Minister of Foreigne Affairs, of the Hawaiian Kingdom, with three pdf as an attachment. These lines are so impressive that I want to share them with you. The perseverance, the peacefulness and the friendliness with which the Hawaiians fight for their right to become an independent state again is impressive. Hawaiian history is so exciting, compressed into such a short period of time, which also influenced world history. Be it in politics or in the technical future. Hawaii had electric lights and a telephone early on, where we still had candles and message runners in Europe and the USA. The history of Hawaii has fascinated me for 10 years and I am very interested in it. I go to some archives in Europe, the USA or even in Hawaii. I see a lot of documents, but so far I haven’t seen a single document where the Hawaii Kingdom has agreed to be part of the United States. I only see writings where they are constantly defending themselves, including writings from the USA itself, where it is described that what they have done is not correct and not legal. But the US has always shifted its border a little in its favor. It is obvious everywhere, only the other states are silent, because they could fall into the reprisals of the USA. I haven’t read everything yet, but a very exciting book that I found in Amsterdam is: „American Empire a global History“ by A.G. Hopkins, ISBN: 978-0-691-19687-9.

Read American Empire Online by A. G. Hopkins | Books

I don’t want to advertise books, but I find it very exciting and enriching. If you also look at the old PUCK drawings, you can see how Oncel Sam looked pretty good for himself, regardless of what the other states said or thought.

Back to my mail received today:

Aloha Friends,

Hope you are all faring well.  Our campaign to Free Hawaii is progressing very well. There is a lot of excitement and optimism as the campaign grows and people become more engaged with moving our nation forward.

You may find this of interest. It is just one of the many actions our people are pressing on a daily basis.

We knew that President Bidenʻs administration would be likely renew the Federal Governmentʻs efforts to scuttle our independence movement by “granting” “Federal Recognition” of Hawaiians as an indigenous American Indian tribe. Having successfully defeated Washingtonʻs many schemes to “tribalize” our people for more than 20 years, we began planning on how to do it once again.

Sure enough, two proposals were floated soon after Bidenʻs inauguration, but we were able to shoot them down. Then, with much fanfare, it was announced that US Representative Deb Haaland, a Native-American woman, would be the new US Secretary of the Interior. That is indeed good news and cause for celebration for Native Americans… but not so much for Hawaiians as there is a sinister scheme to try to subjugate us into US citizenship. However, we see this as a great opportunity to emphatically remind Washington and the world that WE ARE NOT AMERICANS… native or otherwise.

About three months ago, I asked the most senior elder/leader of the protectors of Mauna Kea if he would speak to the other elders (kupuna) about sending a letter warning Secretary Haaland (and others in Washington) not to even try to tribalize the Hawaiian people.

The elders came through with not just a letter to Secretary Haaland (ccʻd to many US leaders), but a great press release and a story in Indian Country Today… all coordinated to “drop” on the same day. PDFs of the three items are attached.

A hui hou, Leon

PDF – 1

Debra Haaland
Secretary of the Interior
United States Department of the Interior
1849 C Street, N.W. Washington D.C. 20240
Re: Native Hawaiian rights
March 15, 2021

Aloha Pumehana Secretary Haaland:
We send our deepest aloha and prayers for your success in your newly appointed position. The many tasks ahead for you will be challenging, so, we pray the mana (strength and power), hopes, and faith of your ancestors, and those of many Indigenous nations in North America and other parts of the world, go with you. Congratulations and blessings as you embark on a monumental, historic undertaking.
I am Kealoha Pisciotta, Kanaka Maoli (Native Hawaiian) cultural practitioner and spokesperson for three Hawaiian groups (Mauna Kea Anaina Hou, the Mauna Kea Hui and the Mauna Kea Aelike/Consensus Building Ohana) that stand for the protection of Mauna Kea, the Hawaiian people and our culture. Although the work many of us do is regarded primarily as traditional and cultural, in Hawaii, protection of sacred sites and practice of traditional ways overlap with our struggle to survive. And by necessity, our work is also political, because the matter of Hawaiian sovereignty is central to that struggle.
It is in this capacity that I reach out to you. As you see, President Biden and others in his administration, the Hawaii congressional delegation, and the United Nations have been copied on this communication. I trust that you will receive this letter in the spirit it is intended, as it is in advance of you potentially enacting processes in the Department of Interior (DOI) regarding policies that impact Native Hawaiians. We believe that to be a precarious venture at best and a continuation of the long litany of U.S. violations against Native Hawaiians and our country.
The groups I am speaking on behalf of, and many Hawaiians who are not affiliated directly with specific Hawaiian groups or organizations, are aware of Congressmen Ed Case and Kai Kahele’s intention to seek reparations for the Hawaiian people. We are also concerned that there may be another attempt to create a Native Hawaiian federal entity similar to the Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization legislation, known as the Akaka Bill. So, it is incumbent upon us to seek intervention in order to protect our rights and offer you at least a modicum of historical and cultural knowledge about us and our struggle for sovereignty. We have considered the possibility that our actual history, our truth as a people and a nation, has been excluded from what you have been told. If that is incorrect, and you are cognizant of all that is contained herein, I apologize for the presumption. However, we thought it best to err on the side of caution because of our nearly 130-year long experience with the United States government.

Ua mau ke ea o ka ʻaina i ka pono means the life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness. That is the motto our ali‘i (king) uttered as both a divine prayer and a decree, at a time when more than 90% of our people were being killed off by Western diseases. Every Hawaiian living today is a descendant of the 40,000 who survived the massive changes and varying forms of colonial violence during the 19th century, including the U.S. backed overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani and the Hawaiian Kingdom’s government, and the U.S. takeover and occupation of our country that began in 1898. The theft of our land and sovereignty has been ceaseless since 1893, and has come to include mass desecrations of our burials and sacred sites.
We write to you, not just because you are the Secretary of the Department of Interior, but because you are an Indigenous woman from a community with firsthand knowledge of devastating acts perpetrated against Native peoples by the United States.
What follows here is a partial list of acts committed against the Hawaiian people, with the intention of either dispossessing us and extinguishing our sovereign rights, or covering up the theft of those rights. We offer it here so that you have the Indigenous, cultural Hawaiian and national Hawaiian experience of our history and what has brought us to where we are today.
1893 – U.S. backed overthrow
1895 – Hawaiian language banned from schools and government buildings
1898 – U.S. annexation
1959 – “Statehood” vote and Admissions Act *1
1978 – Creation of Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA)
1993 – Apology Resolution
2000 – Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act (Akaka Bill)
Secretary Haaland, the suffering of Native Hawaiians, which includes shorter lifespans, terrible health and education statistics, a 50% diaspora, an outrageously disproportionate number of incarcerated and impoverished, all of these have been used against us. Whether by state or federally employed Hawaiians or non-Hawaiians, the dire circumstances endured by Hawaiians because of the settler-colonial reality we exist in has been promoted as a reason to create a formal federal entity. But the harm done to us is because of the theft of our rights, which began with the overthrow, a crime the United States admitted to in the 1993 Apology Bill.
We, the Hawaiian people, have never relinquished our claims to our land, our nationhood and our right to live, die and be buried in our homeland. We have, in fact, protested against the American takeover since before it was formalized; one of the clearest examples of our ongoing resistance is the 1897 Ku‘e Petitions signed by more than 90% of our population. Yet, our rights are violated daily, our graves and sacred sites are destroyed, our culture and land are exploited for profit; every large industry in Hawaii is here at our expense, while we are forced out.

*1 Both the Apology Resolution (Public Law 103-150) and the Admissions Act of 1959 (Public Law 86-3) are admissions against interest or to put another way these U.S. documents continue to affirm (1) that Native Hawaiians never relinquished our title and claims to our lands as Subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom and (2) that the Admissions Act affirm that the title to our land is only held in trust by the State of Hawaii for the purposes of the BETTERMENT OF THE CONDITIONS OF NATIVE HAWAIIANS and the General Public. This means Native Hawaiians continue to be the right holders of all the lands of Hawaii.

You may recall the mass protests that took place in recent years for the protection of our most sacred site, Mauna Kea, from the astronomy industry, specifically the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT). Secretary Haaland, there are hundreds of instances just during the 21st century, wherein Hawaiians have had to fight in and out of U.S. courts to protect our culture and our rights.
We urge you to take a much needed and long overdue closer look at the Hawaiian reality. During the 2014 DOI hearings in Hawaii, thousands of Hawaiians testified in person and were opposed to becoming a tribe, like our kupuna who signed the 1897 petitions were opposed to becoming American. Our real history is not what is portrayed by the United States government and media. We are a people who have always protested the U.S. occupation of our country. And we have the right to self-determination as an Indigenous people and as the heirs to the nation that was wrongfully taken over by the United States.
We, the Hawaiian people, have never consented to the U.S. occupation of our beloved country.
Ua mau ke ea o ka ʻaina i ka pono was appropriated by the so-called State of Hawaii, along with our land and culture. But that does not change the meaning of it. The ʻaina isn’t just land, it is that from which we Hawaiians are born, it is that which feeds us, it is that which we will return to when we walk on to the afterlife. The land is our sanctuary, our source of life. We are the land, and the land is us.
Secretary Haaland, I thank you very much for your time and attention to this critical issue in this most critical time in our history. An electronic copy of this letter has been sent to your office so that the hyperlinks are easily accessible; all associated web addresses are listed below. Please do not hesitate to reach out to me directly with any questions. I am willing and grateful to be of service in helping you understand the plight of Hawaii and her Native people.
In Aloha We Remain,
Kealoha Pisciotta
On behalf of Mauna Kea Anaina Hou, The Mauna Kea Hui and Mauna Kea Aelike/Consensus Building Ohana

  • President Joseph Biden
    The White House
  • Ilze Brands Kehris
    Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights
    OHCHR in New York
    UN Headquarters
  • Antony Blinken
    Secretary of State
    United States Department of State
  • Merrick Garland
    Attorney General
  • Senator Brian Schatz
  • Senator Mazie Hirono
  • Congressman Ed CaseCongressman Kai KaheleGovernor David Ige
  • Scott K. Saiki
    Speaker of the House
  • Ronald D. Kouchi
    President Hawai’i Senate
  • Carmen Hulu Lindsey
    Chair, Office of Hawaiian Affairs

Web addresses for hyperlinks referenced above in the letter:
U.S. backed overthrow:

Hawaiian language banned from schools and government buildings:

U.S. annexation:

“Statehood” vote and Admissions Act:

Creation of Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA):

Apology Resolution:

Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act (Akaka Bill):

1897 Ku‘e Petitions:

Hawaiian burials:

Exploitation of Hawaiian land and culture:

Mass protests:

Mauna Kea:

Thirty Meter Telescope:

Response from United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) verifying Hawaiian allegations:

2014 DOI Hearings in Hawaii:

United Nations Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples:

U.S. occupation of the Hawaiian Kingdom:

Testimonies to the U.S. Department of Interior Eerily Similar to Voices of the Past


DATE: March 16, 2021

Hawaiian cultural practitioners, community leaders and activists who speak for Hawaiian rights and the protection of Mauna Kea, send letter to Secretary of Interior, Deb Haaland, in advance of a congressional proposal for Hawaiian reparations.
Media Contact: Jazzmin Cabanilla

In a letter to Secretary Haaland, Kealoha Pisciotta, a cultural practitioner who, for more than two decades, has led efforts to stop new construction of telescopes on Mauna Kea, congratulated Haaland for her historic role at the Department of Interior. The letter also addressed Hawaiian trepidations over federal legislation to be proposed regarding the Hawaiian people. Issues raised stem from reports in the press that Congressman Kai Kahele, along with Congressman Ed Case, plan to seek reparations for Native Hawaiians. Many, including Pisciotta, view this move as another way to enact legislation similar to the Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act, known as the Akaka Bill.
Written on behalf of several Hawaiian rights groups, Mauna Kea Moku Nui ‚Aelike/Consensus Building ‚Ohana, Mauna Kea Anainahou, and the Mauna Kea Hui, the 6-page long letter calls upon Haaland to take a deeper look at the Hawaiian people’s history.
It states, “The theft of our land and sovereignty has been ceaseless since 1893,” and includes a list of historical events that have been detrimental to the health and wellbeing of the Hawaiian people, starting with the U.S. backed overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom. The list also includes the 1959 “statehood” vote and the 1993 Apology Resolution, and mentions the Obama Administration’s 2014 DOI hearings in Hawai‘i, when “thousands of Hawaiians testified in person and were opposed to becoming a tribe, like our kupuna who signed the 1897 petitions were opposed to becoming American.” The Kūʻē Petitions were signed by more than 90% of the Hawaiian Kingdom’s citizenry, and successfully helped Hawaiian advocates in Washington, DC stop the second attempt to pass a Treaty of Annexation through the U.S. congress.
Ku Ching, a Hawaiian kupuna, lawyer, and longtime activist, who is also a member of the Mauna Kea Moku Nui ‘Aelike/ Consensus Building Ohana, was asked why the petitions matter. He said, “Hawaiians never agreed to be part of the United States or become American citizens. The Hawaiian Kingdom was an internationally recognized nation on par with the U.S. Although the U.S. took control of our country in 1898, they did that against the will of the people. Those petitions are proof of that. There never was a Treaty of Annexation, and under international law, that means Hawai‘i remains an independent nation that is illegally occupied by a foreign power.”
Hawaiian challenges to U.S. claims of jurisdiction over Hawai‘i date back to when the U.S. took control, but have been taken to the United Nations and The Hague in recent decades. And the question of whether or not Hawai‘i is an occupied State or part of the U.S. has been a main component of the sovereignty movement during the 21st century. It is a serious issue for Native Hawaiians, who face federal and state attempts to erode their rights and find themselves embroiled in political and legal battles over the Crown and Government lands of the kingdom. Many of the sacred sites that people, like Pisciotta, spend their lives protecting, such as Mauna Kea, are part of the Hawaiian Kingdom’s Crown and Government lands.
When Pisciotta was asked why she thought sending a letter to Haaland now, instead of after Kahele and others propose legislation, she answered, “If it were only that simple. But it is anything but [simple] because
Hawaiians are inundated with state and federal attacks on our sovereign rights as a Native people, and as a nation, with every successive administration. And Kai [Kahele] isn’t in Washington, DC, to represent the lahui (Hawaiian Nation). He is there as an American who is of Hawaiian ancestry, not as a Hawaiian national. Our rights to self-determination are directly related to our rights to be our own nation. We are Indigenous, yes, but we are also descendants of kingdom citizens. Congressman Kahele swore an oath to the U.S. constitution, not the Hawaiian Kingdom. But more than that, so many generations of Hawaiians have spent their lives fighting, whether to protect our sacred sites or to stop the American government from enacting legislation aimed at dissolving our aboriginal title to our land base. So, the groups I am speaking for thought it best to be proactive rather than reactive. We know what is coming because Congressmen Case and Kahele said as much in the press.”
Pisciotta’s sense of urgency echoes an attitude that is prevalent among many Hawaiian activists. After years of protests and court battles to stop the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) from being built on Mauna Kea, Hawaiians are weary of the government’s refusal to acknowledge their rights. Citing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Pisciotta said, “The United States is a signatory on the UNDRIP. The U.S. also knows that it has no provable legal jurisdiction over Hawai‘i or the Hawaiian people, because if that country did have jurisdiction it would provide us with a copy of documentation proving it. Now is the time for Hawaiian rights to be acknowledged and respected, not covered up with more federal and state so-called legal machinations, like the fake annexation. Hawaiians cannot afford to wait and see what the United States is going to do. We need to decide what is best for us. It is our deepest, most humble hope that because Deb Haaland is a Native woman, she is willing to hear the truth about what has happened to Hawai‘i and the Hawaiian people.”

For more information go to:

Mauna Kea Anaina Hou:

‚Aelike/Consensus Building Ohana: Mauna Kea



For stories of people, places and events of interest in Indian Country – California Valley Miwok Tribe

Native Hawaiians to Deb Haaland: 'We're not Native Americans' - Indian Country Today
Honolulu march against TMT – July 21, 2019 – photo credit Laulani Teale
Native Hawaiians to Deb Haaland: ‚We’re
not Native Americans‘

As Native Hawaiian people, ‚We are the navigators‘
Anne Keala Kelly
Apr 12, 2021

“Aloha Secretary Haaland, and congratulations on your historic, groundbreaking position at the
Department of Interior as the first Native American to hold a cabinet seat. Now that we have
dispensed with the pleasantries, allow me to introduce myself. I am Kanaka Maoli, and I’m
writing to remind you that the United States of America has been holding the Hawaiian Nation
hostage for over a century. So, please don’t explore ways to further the cover-up by paying us off
or racializing us into becoming a tribe. We want to exercise our rights through selfdetermination,
not American pre-determination.”
Okay, that isn’t how Hawaiian activist, Kealoha Pisciotta, actually worded her letter to the new
head of the Department of Interior. But that might be how it came across when Haaland finished
reading it.

Native Hawaiians to Deb Haaland: 'We're not Native Americans' - Indian Country Today
Kealoha Pisciotta on Mauna Kea

My irreverent humor aside, Pisciotta’s letter is an important communication for Haaland to
receive for some really good reasons, one being that it advocates for Hawaiian rights, something
that has been denied us since the U.S. takeover. Another is that it came from a Hawaiian leader
who is not employed by the state or federal government. There is a line between Natives who
work for the government and those who do not.
Haaland is on the other side of that line, and boy does she have her work cut out for her.
She now runs an agency that is one-part protection, and three parts exploitation and destruction.
The DOI has been the delivery system for some really nasty laws and policies that have been
anti-Native and anti-Mother Earth.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs (previously known as Office of Indian Affairs, that was originally
part of the War Department), the Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Ocean Energy
Management and nine other land and resource-related bureaus are DOI’s responsibility. Most
federal leasing of land and water for extraction by the energy industry is through the DOI. And
now that Americans are ravenous for green-renewable energy, lithium is the new gold and
mining is a priority. Elon Musk and other billionaires are enormously grateful, but I digress.
Many Natives, myself included, hope that Haaland, being a Native woman, can take some of the
edge off that bloody blade white people have been carving up Turtle Island with since the
Mayflower docked.
But Hawaiians, as a people, need to keep expectations real. Deb Haaland is eighth in line to the
oval. She is a key player in the American business of government, not the Hawaiian struggle for
self-determination, which is the focus of Pisciotta’s letter.
Sent to Haaland on behalf of Mauna Kea Anaina Hou, the Mauna Kea Hui and the Mauna Kea
‘Aelike/Consensus Building Ohana, three groups composed of cultural practitioners and
activists, Pisciotta also cc’d some heavies in the letter. At the top of that list are President Biden
and the UN’s Secretary-General. Talk about putting it out there.

Native Hawaiians to Deb Haaland: 'We're not Native Americans' - Indian Country Today
Kealoha Pisciotta delivering petition against the TMT; more than half a million people have signed it; (Photo: Laulani Teale)

The letter highlights some often-cited historical wrongs committed by the U.S. against
Hawaiians, starting with the U.S. military coup of 1893 that ousted Queen Liliuokalani.
Then it winds its way to, “You may recall the mass protests that have taken place in recent
years.” And don’t forget the 2014 DOI hearings when “thousands of Hawaiians testified in
person and were opposed to becoming a tribe, like our kupuna who signed the 1897 [Ku‘e]
petitions were opposed to becoming American.”
To further emphasize what the U.S. pretends not to know, Pisciotta added a truth-bomb cherry to
that sundae, with “We, the Hawaiian people, have never consented to the U.S. occupation of our
beloved country.”
But Pisciotta’s motivation for presenting Haaland with the skinny version of “Hawaiian
Sovereignty 101” is as important as the letter’s content. She wrote it because Congressman Kai
Kahele, who was sworn into office with his hand on Senator Akaka’s bible, said that he and
Congressman Ed Case will push for reparations.
One can only speculate how absurd the dollar amount will be when geniuses in DC calculate
“fair” compensation for the theft of our nation-state, our land, our rights and our dignity. And
any deal would reanimate the Akaka Bill or manufacture something else like it, resulting in
pseudo federal recognition of Hawaiians, and more false justification for keeping the Hawaiian
nation in chains.
Although reparations aren’t the same as a lawsuit, the idea of paying off Hawaiians brings to
mind the pitiful settlement from Eloise Cobell’s monumental case against the DOI.
When it comes to Indigenous peoples, the American tradition has been to withhold as much
justice as possible, and then lie about it. With regard to Hawaiians, the goal of the U.S. hasn’t
changed one iota since the first criminal act it perpetrated in 1893. And it is not likely to change
now because a new Hawaiian is in congress or a Laguna-Pueblo is running the DOI.
Pisciotta and others are standing at the frontline in advance of another attempt by the U.S. to
extend generations of injustice into an eternity of injustice.
Collectively, as a force of one, those Hawaiians are proof that we don’t have to wait for, and then
react to, the American agenda.
We can assess the threat and acknowledge the urgency without waiting for validation from the
state or the media. We can practice self-determination now, use the wisdom of our experience
and take evasive action before the axe is swung.
Hawaiians have been on the receiving end of nearly 130 years of American aggression. There
have been some very dark times, and there will likely be more. But we have the mana of
ancestral memory to draw from. We can look at the horizon with eyes and minds that hold
generations of knowledge about the winds and the currents. Our people used to navigate by the
stars from the deck of a canoe in the middle of the largest ocean on earth with no canned food or
electronic gadgetry. And the darker the night the better they could see their way.
That’s us guys. We determine our own fate. We are the navigators.

anne keala kelly
By Anne Keala Kelly

Anne Keala Kelly is a filmmaker, journalist and writer. Her articles and op-eds have appeared in the
Honolulu Star-Advertiser, The Nation, Honolulu Weekly, Honolulu Civil Beat, Hana Hou! Magazine, Big
Island Journal, and Indian Country Today. Her broadcast journalism has aired on Free Speech Radio
News, Independent Native News, Al Jazeera English, The Newshour with Jim Lehrer, Democracy Now!,
The Environment Report, and more. And her film, „Noho Hewa: The Wrongful Occupation of Hawai’i“
has received international film festival awards. (


There Are Many Ties Between Hawaiians And Micronesians

Traditionally, the lines between Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia never existed.

By Adam Keawe Manalo-Camp / September 28, 2018

Contrary to popular belief, Micronesians are not recent immigrants to Hawaii. They actually predate even the arrival of the Japanese to Hawaii, but one will notice in particular that in the state’s narrative of celebrating different waves of immigrants to the plantations, Micronesians are left out, though they have a long history with Hawaii and with Native Hawaiians.

Besides being related by Austronesian linguistics and DNA evidence, the line between Polynesia and Micronesia was not imposed by either Micronesians nor Polynesians, but by competing colonial powers in the Pacific. The truth of the matter is that there are Micronesian cultural outliers in what is now thought of as the “Polynesian triangle” and there are Polynesian cultural outliers in what is now regarded as Micronesia and Melanesia.

Traditionally, the lines between Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia never existed. We were all connected by the ocean of Kanaloa, or as my kupuna would say, the womb of Hina-i-ka-moana. They, like other Pacific Islanders, are our cousins.

Celebrate Micronesia at the Honolulu Museum of Art School. 28 march 2015. photograph Cory Lum/Civil Beat
Celebrate Micronesia at the Honolulu Museum of Art School, March 2015. The author submits that there are many historical and cultural ties between Hawaiians and Micronesians. Cory Lum/Civil Beat

Although one can suspect that there were voyages and exchanges between Hawaii and Micronesia periodically as noted in the Kualii genealogy chant of the 17th century, Hawaii and Micronesian historical ties — as far as written accounts — go back to the 1850s. In 1852, the American Board of Foreign Missionaries — the same Calvinists that came to Hawaii in 1820 — set up a mission station in the Carolines (now in the northwestern Marshall Islands). A group of a couple of American missionaries along with a half dozen Native Hawaiian missionaries initially set up the mission. Native Hawaiian missionaries slowly created missions in Pohnpei, Kosrae, the Marshalls and Kiribati (then called the Gilberts Islands).

Those long skirts that local people in Hawaii make fun of Micronesian women are products of Native Hawaiian missionary teachings in that time period of the 1850s and who themselves got it from American missionaries a generation prior. Niihau women in fact, until recently, dressed similarly.

One of the more famous Hawaiian missionaries was Bennett Namakeha, uncle to Queen Emma and first husband of the future Queen Kapiolani, who became one of the mission administrators for these Christian missions in Micronesia. He and his wife stayed in Kiribati and visited Pohnpei and Kosrae before he died in 1860. So Queen Kapiolani herself was acquainted with Micronesia having stayed there for several months with her first husband.

In 1877, 55 Kiribati (which is part of Micronesia) and 31 Rotuma (which is part of Melanesia but are closer to Samoan culturally) immigrants were brought in as plantation laborers on The Stormbird. This marked the first wave of Micronesian immigrants to Hawaii — which is almost never mentioned in Hawaii history books. Fifty-five Micronesians from Kiribati arrived and were greeted by King Kalakaua at the pier. The following year, The Stormbird would bring 124 Micronesians to Hawaii along with three Rotumans.

For the next eight years, over 1,500 Micronesians were brought to Hawaii along with about a thousand Rotuman, Fijians, Solomon Islanders and Papuans. So there was a substantial population of Micronesians and Melanesians in Hawaii in the 1880s. Many of these early Micronesians did not return to the homelands but mixed with Hawaiians and adopted Hawaiian names. Sometimes, they would adopt the Hawaiian wifeʻs last name or the last name of a Native Hawaiian missionary who baptized them or chose a last name that began with the letters “e” or “p,” similar to how the Chinese adopted Hawaiianized last names starting with the letter “a.”

Cultural Byproducts

Another byproduct of this exchange is the introduction of certain hair comb designs, new lei making designs, the iconic coconut “bras” and the thinner raffia “grass skirts” by the Kiribati workers to Hawaii. Although other Polynesian groups did have coconut bras, it was the Micronesian immigrants who introduced them to Hawaiians and Hawaiians who adopted its use for more modern hula and for tourists.

By 1884, plantation recruitment in Micronesia stopped for various reasons including that Micronesian plantation workers had a habit of running away from the plantation and being hidden by Hawaiians. Hence why Portuguese and Japanese were brought in as they would have a harder time running away and blending with the Native Hawaiian population — so the plantation owners thought. Another reason was that Spain and Britain and later Germany began to take more of an interest in colonizing Micronesia and that caused diplomatic issues with the Hawaiian government. This, however, did not stop the chiefs of Butaritari and Tapiteuea in Kiribati from requesting a Hawaiian protectorate or complete annexation as their chiefs believed that they would be treated more fairly by King Kalakaua than some European colonial administrator. Nothing came out of this as Britain would decide to annex Kiribati.

Instead of dehumanizing Micronesians, we need to find ways to bridge cultural misunderstandings and create safe spaces for dialogue.

As a side note to show the aloha that King Kalakaua and Queen Kapiolani had for these Micronesian plantation laborers, their chiefs and community leaders were normally invited to his birthday celebrations at Iolani Palace and the electrification of Iolani Palace celebration on June 1, 1887.

This history does not include 20th-century immigration, the infamous role of U.S. colonialism in that region nor the phenomenal contributions that Satawal navigator Mau Piailug made to the Hokulea.

Every new wave of immigration will always face problems and be stereotyped. When groups such as the Samoans, Filipinos, Portuguese and Chinese arrived in Hawaii, they were stereotyped and made fun of. But by embracing them into our community and learning from each other, these same groups became a fabric of modern Hawaii and provided us with scholars, politicians, entrepreneurs and delicious food. Instead of dehumanizing Micronesians — which I will repeat have historically first migrated to Hawaii in 1877 — we need to find ways to bridge cultural misunderstandings and create safe spaces for dialogue.

About the Author

Adam Keawe Manalo-Camp

  • Adam Keawe Manalo-Camp is a Native Hawaiian cultural historian. With roots both in Papakolea Homestead and in the Philippines, he is also a writer, blogger and researcher.


The UN’s Mistake Self Determination in Hawaii

IN 1959 the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 1469 under the mistaken belief that the people of Hawaii had exercised their right to self-determination and consented to be integrated into the United States of America. The error aided and abetted the United States in its subjugation and pillaging of the people and lands of the Hawaiian Islands; causing serious injury and trauma to three generations of Hawaiians, depriving them of the right to self-governance and access to and use of their lands and resources. This panel asserts it is time for the UN to meet its obligation to correct its error and ensure just remedy for the sixty years of abuses of the human, civil, political and development rights of the people of the Hawaiian Islands. Sponsored by the International Committee for the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas (Incomindios). Co-sponsored by the Koani Foundation and the Hawaiian Kingdom. 15 March 2021 at 10:00 am, Geneva, Switzerland. MODERATOR • Mr. Robert Kajiwara– President of Peace for Okinawa Coalition, Special Envoy of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Ph.D. A.B.D. History Manchester Metropolitan University, M.A. History University of Nebraska at Kearney, B.A. History University of Hawaii at Manoa PANELISTS • Mme Routh Bolomet – is a descendant of the royal line of Kamehameha, the original rulers of the Hawaiian Kingdom. As such, she is an heir to the privately-held lands of the Kamehamehas and advocating for the repatriation of lands that were taken and sold illegally under the regimes of the (US) Territory of Hawaii and the present (US) State of Hawaii. • Professor Alfred de Zayas – is a leading expert in the field of human rights and international law and high-ranking United Nations official: former senior lawyer with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Secretary of the Human Rights Committee, and the Chief of Petitions. Most recently, he served as the original UN Independent Expert for a Democratic and Equitable International Order. He is a professor at the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations and has authored a number of books in several languages. • Amb. Isaias Medina III – International Lawyer and former Diplomat at the United Nations and Legal Adviser of UN Security Council presidency; expert and elected Rapporteur at the UN Commission on International Trade Law and UN 6th Committee of International Law delegate; legal expert for the International Law Commission report and Vice President of UN High Level Ocean Conference. Recently appointed Ambassador-at-Large (to the UN and the US) for the Hawaiian Kingdom. • H.E. Leon Kaulahao Siu – is the Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Hawaiian Kingdom and prominent advocate and spokesman for Hawaii’s independence. Minister Siu is a frequent participant at the Human Rights Council and other UN bodies. He is working to normalize the Hawaiian Kingdom’s international relations. He is the founder of the Decolonization Alliance based in New York City, and was nominated for the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize.
 For more information:

Foundation to conduct building assessment of the Baldwin Home

By Staff | Feb 12, 2021

The assessment will result in a prioritized, cost-estimated list of preservation needs for the historic Baldwin Home.

LAHAINA — Lahaina Restoration Foundation was recently awarded a $2,500 grant by the National Trust for Historic Preservation. These grant funds will be used to complete a building assessment of the stone and coral block Baldwin Home built in 1835 in Lahaina.

The assessment will result in a prioritized, cost-estimated list of preservation needs for the building.

“Organizations like Lahaina Restoration Foundation help to ensure that communities all across America retain their unique sense of place,” said Paul Edmondson, president of the National Trust for Historic Preservation. “We are honored to provide a grant to Lahaina Restoration Foundation, which will use the funds to help preserve an important piece of our shared national heritage.”

Grants from the National Trust Preservation Fund range from $2,500 to $5,000 and have provided over $15 million since 2003. These matching grants are awarded to nonprofit organizations and public agencies across the country to support wide-ranging activities, including consultant services for rehabilitating buildings, technical assistance for tourism that promotes historic resources, and the development of materials for education and outreach campaigns.

For more information on National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Preservation Fund grants, visit

Lahaina Restoration Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization chartered in 1962. LRF oversees and maintains 13 major historic sites in Lahaina and operates six museums.

The organization also maintains several collections of artifacts, manuscripts, maps, photographs, logs and other materials representative of Lahaina’s rich history. These collections are available to the public and researchers by request.

In addition, Lahaina Restoration Foundation oversees the Old Lahaina Courthouse and maintains public parks and open spaces in historic Lahaina Town. Due to the pandemic, some historic sites may be closed; call 661-3262 for current museum information.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a privately-funded nonprofit organization that works to save America’s historic places to enrich our future.

The National Trust for Historic Preservation is committed to protecting America’s rich cultural legacy and helping build vibrant, sustainable communities that reflect our nation’s diversity. Follow the organization on Twitter @savingplaces.

Wo Hing Museum sends Chinese New Year blessings: Kong Hee Fat Choy!

„By BY CINDY SCHUMACHER – | Feb 5, 2021

Kong Hee Fat Choy (may wealth and prosperity be yours) and Sen Nien Fai Lock — Happy New Year! Dr. Busaba Yip, cultural director and docent at the Wo Hing Museum, Society Hall and Cookhouse in Lahaina, announced that Chinese New Year decorations will be put up.

LAHAINA — The Chinese New Year (CNY) celebration has been a longstanding tradition at the Wo Hing Museum on Front Street and with the Chinese community of Lahaina. This year it falls on Friday, Feb. 12, and culminates on Feb. 26.

In 1991, the LahainaTown Action Committee first coordinated CNY at the museum. Around 1999, CNY became a big street festival with the closure of the 800 block of Front Street. By 2006, the celebrations were again held at Wo Hing, and since 2012 the Lahaina Restoration Foundation and Wo Hing Society have coordinated the CNY events.

“The Wo Hing Museum has been closed since March 2020 because of the pandemic,” said Dr. Busaba Yip, cultural director and docent at the Wo Hing Museum, Society Hall and Cookhouse.

“Unfortunately, this year, 2021, we will not have a CNY community celebration at Wo Hing or a Lion Dance in Lahaina Town. To keep the tradition alive, we will have an offering and blessings at the Wo Hing Temple during the week of Feb.12, as well as special decorations at the Cookhouse and Society Hall. When visitors walk past Wo Hing, they will view the beautiful red lanterns, CNY scrolls, banners and other decorations.”

To start the Year of the Metal Ox off right, the temple will be following the traditions beginning two weeks before New Year’s Day. They will prepare for the holiday by cleaning and putting up decorations at the Cookhouse and Society Hall with Nin Wah: new year hopeful messages and wishes on little red papers displaying the symbols for good luck, health and happiness.

“Inside the Wo Hing Cookhouse, we will offer some good luck candy and tangerines on an altar for the kitchen god, Joo Guan,” Yip noted.

“The Wo Hing Temple altars will be cleaned, and an offering to the ancestors will be made with oranges, pomelos, tangerines, potted flowers and other items. A special offering and display is set up for the CNY. For example, we will prepare a tray of sweetmeats called Chuen-Hop or Tray of Togetherness. It has eight compartments, each with a special food item significant to the season, such as candied coconut and melon.”

The Ox is the second in the 12-year cycle of the Chinese zodiac sign. Oxen were important for planting crops in an agricultural society. They embody stamina and dedication and are known for diligence, dependability, strength and determination. Having an honest nature, Oxen represent ideals and ambitions for life. They attach importance to family and work, representing persistence and honesty. The image of “planting the fields” in 2021 offers a way to prepare for prosperity and times of enjoyment.

CNY is the festival that celebrates the beginning of a new year on the traditional lunar calendar. It is not only the longest-celebrated event but also the most important social holiday of the year.

It is called the Lunar New Year because it marks the first new moon of the lunisolar calendars. The Lunar New Year begins on the second new moon following the winter solstice and ends two weeks later on the full moon.

A solar year, the time it takes Earth to orbit the sun, lasts around 365 days, while a lunar year, or 12 full cycles of the Moon, is roughly 354 days. That is why the CNY falls on different dates each year in the solar calendar.

Throughout CNY, families reunite and relax together celebrating a year of hard work, They offer wishes of good luck, health and prosperity for the coming year.

Yip shared some good CNY memories from her childhood.

“It is really a time for new beginnings and gatherings,” she reflected. “We looked forward to our celebration by having dinners together with our family and friends. We each received a red envelope with money, called Lai See or Hong Bao. I also remember its teaching: it was for a good start in the new year. We were told not to spend the money from our first Lai See, but to keep the money for the future to take care of ourselves, our parents and grandparents. We learned about saving money and managing it wisely. CNY is always a time to reflect on our lives over the past year and to plan for the future.”

In conclusion, Yip said, “CNY is inclusive and has become popular with people of all nationalities and celebrated worldwide. We would like to send our best wishes and blessings for a good year, a Metal Ox year, and hope it brings positive changes for our lives, families, communities and the world. Kong Hee Fat Choy, may wealth and prosperity be yours; and Sen Nien Fai Lock, Happy New Year!”

The Voyage of Hokulea’s 1976

Today marks the maiden voyage of the Hokulea, the first double-hulled Hawaiian voyaging canoe to set sail since the time of Kamehameha the Great, from the Hawaiian Islands to Tahiti. It was a major achievement that sparked a thriving interest, awareness and perpetuation of traditional, non-instrument Polynesian navigation to this day.

Adjacent to the current mission of Hokulea’s worldwide Malama Honua campaign, its May 1976 voyage primarily set out to prove that Hawaiians used traditional wayfinding knowledge to plan long-distance excursions and travel the Pacific Ocean with an intentional purpose: On May 1, 1976, the Hokulea aimed speficially for Tahiti and landed there.

This archival video, “Hokulea 1976,” compiles scenes aboard the Hokulea’s first voyage offering a glimpse into the daily routines of its original crewmembers and chroncling the roundtrip journey (to Tahiti and back to Honolulu) that ensued. Its most inspiring moments capture communities on both Tahiti and Honolulu coming together to celebrate the canoe. At Papeete Harbor on Tahiti alone, more than 17,000 people waited on the beach to greet the Hokulea and its crew.

May 1, 2017
By Matthew Dekneef – Hawaii Magazin


Other historian Videos:

THE NAVIGATORS Pathfinders Of The Pacific

Kapu System of traditional Hawaiian religious practice

On a separate facebook page entitled Building an Intellectual Culture, there is a brief description of the `ai Noa or the “free eating” in Hawaii which initiated the downfall of the traditional kapu system. I thought that my comments and discussion with the author, Umi Perkins who is by the way son of the late Leialoha Perkins and nephew of Peter Apo, both children of Aunty Margaret Apo who lived for a long time in Makaha, and along with her husband, Peter, who were both friends of mine. You may want to go to that page and check out the background of these comments. He has many other interesting postings there.
I wrote:
An analysis of the `Ai Noa and the breaking of the kapu system
This is about your #4 Mo`olelo series, regarding the `Ai kapu.
It seems your treatment of the `ai kapu and the `ai noa which took place in 1819 was too short an analysis of this historical event which changed the course of Hawaii’s history. I speak not due to the lack of details of the circumstance and the event but for a lack of inquiry into the motivations of the parties.
Yes, indeed, the details are a lot, and the purpose of your writing may not be as a historical record but more of a summary of the event. But I believe that the breaking of the `aikapu must acknowledge the recent death of Kamehameha, the passing of the political “torch” to his son, Liholiho, the assignment of Ka`ahumanu into a newly created Kuhina nui or “Queen Consort” of uncertain definition, the passing of the religious “torch” to Kamehameha’s “nephew” Kekuaokalani for the continuing care of the war god Kuka`ilimoku, and the fact that Hewahewa, Kamehameha’s lead Kahuna was not given that continuing role of such care.
The Hawaiian chiefs and priests were remarkably familiar with the mo`olelo of our people. They were especially familiar with the history of the long and peaceful reign of Liloa, of his son Hakau to whom Liloa passed the “torch” of political authority, and to his other son Umi the religious “torch” to care for the war god, Kuka`ilimoku. Over time, Umi accrued the favor of important kahunas who abandoned Hakau, gathered his forces and in a battle against Hakau, was triumphant. Hakau was sacrificed in fire.
Generations later, when Kalaniopu`u, King of Hawai`i passed, he also split his kingdom giving the political power to Kiwala`o, his son and the religious care of Kuka`ilimoku to Kamehameha, his nephew. Kamehameha, over time, was able to accrue greater power, married Kiwala`o’s daughter, Keopuolani as well as Ka`ahumanu who has been referred to as Kiwala`o’s wife. Over time, Kiwala`o was killed in battle after which Kamehameha fought to unite the Hawai`i island and eventually all the islands.
Kamehameha, at his death followed the same unusual pattern of splitting the political and the religious kuleana between Liholiho, King of the nation along with Ka`ahuman as the Kuhina nui. But to his nephew Kekuaokalani he gave the care of Kuka`ilimoku. Ka`ahumanu was especially wise in political affairs. It was to her whom Kamehameha essentially vested the political power in, as the Kuhina nui, as compared to Liholiho, his eldest son who was into his very early 20s and had not been experienced in war. Ka`ahumanu could understand the political patterns of a divided kingdom and saw the eventuality of the one who held the care of Kuka`ilimoku overcome the relative who ruled the political affairs.
Thus, Ka`ahuman, with Keopuolani, mother of Liholiho aligned with her, knew that in order to preserve Liholiho’s rule, would have to break the power of Kekuaokalani, of Kuka`ilimoku, and of the kapu religious order, creating a total devastation of the religious system so that there would be no room for Kekuaokalani to regain a foothold and rebuild to power.
Liholiho resisted the invite by Ka`ahumanu and his mother Keopuolani to join them in breaking the `ai kapu. He had previously spoken with his cousin Kekuaokalani and pledged that he would not join in such an act. But the two ladies persisted. Liholiho took a group out to sea on a ship and partied, got very drunk with liquor and women before returning to Kailua. Upon his return, he then went to the feast of Ka`ahumanu and Keopuolani and joined them and his younger brother, Kauikeauoli, who was not yet Kamehameha III, and ate with them, thereby affirming the violation of the `ai kapu. That was the `ai noa, the freeing of the kapu, which than unraveled the religious order of Hawaii.
Kekuaokalani, hearing of this `ai noa occurring in Kailua, gathered his forces and marched to Kailua. Liholiho’s forces met the oncoming opposition on the plains of Kuamo`o and as this battle ensued, Kekuaokalani was shot and killed and his wife Manono, comforting him on the battlefield, was also shot and killed.
Thus, the destruction of Kekuaokalani, of Kuka`ilimoku, of the kapu system, as well as Manono came about. The political order was thereby sustained for the Kamehameha direct descendants for a period.
Na`u kamana`o. I offer them for your consideration.
Aloha a hui hou,
Pōkā Laenui,
Hawaiian National
Umi Perkins
When this all comes out in its final form, the ʻaikapu section will follow the Kamehameha history (unification) – Iʻm just releasing these on the blog in short posts and as works in progress. But yes Iʻll keep in mind to make more of a continuation of the thread of the kapu underlying whatʻs going on at the time
Also, Noelani Arista is arguing in her book against the idea of total abolition of kapu or ʻaikapu, which Iʻll have to take into account
I also have a separate post on the battle of Kuamoʻo
Poka Laenui
I’m most anxious to see all of this. I must agree with Noelani Arista regarding the total abolition of the kapu system. Indeed, many of our Hawaiian people continued to respect the system of kapu long after the `ai noa.
Abraham Pi`ianaia would speak of his father or grand father who continued to pay his respect to the traditional gods in back of his home.
My wife’s grandmother, a kahuna whose specialty included La`au Lapa`au had patients in lower Kalihi line up around the block to her house to see her for healing. She had been a deacon at Kawaiha`o Church and started her own Christian church in Kalihi. In her house, one room was dedicated to the Christian religion, and another room, she kept her gods of Hawaii where her medicine was kept. Puanani, as a child who had just returned with her from Church turned to her grandmother and said, „Grandma, I’m confused! We just came back from church and when I come home, how come you have two rooms, one for Christ and the other for the old gods!“
Grandma said, „I keep them in separate rooms so they no fight!“
Yes, there are many other examples of the „old“ system still alive. There are spirits which continue to roam the land such as the night marchers, there are the akualele which continue to fly across the sky. As long as the regard for mana continue to persist, which was the foundation of the kapu system, the „old“ system will persist.
I should have noted that in many of the Halau hula as well as in the pa lua, the old kapu systems or practices are carried out.
ʻAi noa was also used as a sign of mourning and recorded during numerous times throughout our history. The ʻai noa was probably the nail in the Hawaiian coffin as it pertained to the death of culture, languge and political sovereignty. Liholiho ate under duress and abiding by the rules of mourning his fatherʻs death. Religious abolition came when those against Kekuaokalani sided with the missionaries. Kūkāʻilimoku had no place in the political discussion as Christianity became the religion of politics in Hawaiʻi.
Interview of „Tales of Hawaii“ with
Leialoha Perkins
Kumulipo  –  Mon 27.Nov. 2017, in Makaha Surfside, Waianae
Umi Perkins
Earliest Commercial Activity on Hawai’ian Islands – 24.Jan. 2018 at Kamehameha Campus, Honolulu

Project: Resolution 1469

It ’s the 75th Meeting at the UNO in Geneva, Switzerland. The Hawaiian Island kingdom Delegation, this a great friends of me, informed me about her Project: Resolution 1469 at the UN.

Of a Question of mine, what is your target, the focus this time at the UN?

„Our goal is to get the UN General Assembly to do an inquiry into the description of Hawaii the US 50th State the US submitted to the UN General Assembly in 1959 that failed to include any of the Hawaiian Islands.“

Of other Question, I got this great answer:

Aloha Gerard:

Your Question: how would Hawaii’s independence help Switzerland & Europe?

Answer: Like Switzerland, the Hawaiian Island Kingdom is a independent neutral nation.

The US has in the past & continues today to expand its imperialist reach through its military under the guise of protecting citizens‘ freedoms & democracy (which in reality appears more to be guns for hire to the highest commercial bidder), has killed far too many innocent civilians, has taken down far too many governments who refuse to cooperate with its agenda of commercial expansion to take precious resources from other nations at a fraction of its value and to the demise of their environment in its pursuits.  Those who refuse to stand down or acquiese, like Venezuela, the US will blatantly and in the name of Democracy and Freedom for it citizens topple and destroy economies and governments.  Those who dare to speak out are silenced, or made to look like uneducated, liberal fools in the media.  Those who have the courage to stand up for what is right is brought down quickly.  The US history shows it takes what it wants, when it wants and at any expense to whomever gets in their way!   Is this truely the same Country that helped end WWII, or was dark side of the US personality hidden in the shaddows?

While the US has good people, who want to do good & like other countries, are demanding their rights guaranteed to them in their constitution, the rogue military persuits appears to be on its own path to world control driven by ?????.  These ambitious persuits have forgotten the golden rule; Do onto others as you want other to do onto you.  They have forgotten about cooperation and have opted for world control and domination.  What may have begun for the right reasons are taking a road of wrong.  Whether it be Switzerland or any other European Country, what stops the US or any other National Power from

its pursuit of unrighteous domination? If UN Nation States are not held to their contracts, chaos is sure to insue.

UN Mechanism „Declaration on Population Transfer and the Implantation of Settlers“  (UN Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/23)  Article 10:

Where acts or omissions prohibited in the present Declaration are committed, the international community as a whole and individual States, are under an obligation: (a) not to recognize as legal the situation created by such acts: (b) in onging situations, to ensure the immediate cessation of the act and the reversal of the harmful consequences: (c) not to render aid, assistance or support, financial or otherwise, to the State which has committed or is committing such act in the maintaining or strengthening of the situation created by such act.

The US also signed onto the Hague and Geneva Conventions which protects the occupied countries citizens, and their private lands and property amongst other protections.

Is this a battle between good & evil? Is it acceptible to have 100’s of 1000’s innocent civilian casualites in pursuit & in the name of democracy/ global commercialism?   This military presences is not about being our brothers keeper, its beginning to look like its more about being our brother’s master!

The US, who was heralded after WWII for being Righteous Hero, Forthright, of the Highest Ethical Moral Standards has failed to remember to follow their own High Standards, their own laws & their own code of ethics: which now just appear to be rhetoric.  They tip toe around their international agreements while demanding all other UN Nation States to uphold their international agreements with no exception or deviations.

It appears the US has a definition of democracy & freedom that they hold themselves to, and another definition for the rest of the world to abide by, enforced by their military presence & aggression. Essentially saying: Do it my way or die!  Be it civilian or governments; as seen in the documentary Coups R US.

Is it really too much & too naive to ask that all the human rights covenants that UN member Nations signed onto, actually are upheld in the spirit of the agreement with no exceptions?  Are Treaties only viable when it’s convienent and to a members advantage- ignorable when it is not?  Is it not the responsibility of all signing parties to a Treaty / Covenant, to the other signers to their contractual obligation?  If not, what is the power that holds and enforces the agreement if not the other signing parties?

THE Hawaiian Islands which is not the US 50th State by their own definitions, are nothing more to the US than a large military base for their over eagerly prepared war games. If you prepare & spend so aggressively for war, then war, not peace, is more likely on the horizon.  The US has already sacrificed the Hawaiian Islands (Pearl Harbor) to justify its entry into WWII while protecting its own borders; that sacrifice by the Hawaiian Islands which is an Independent Neutral Nation helped the European Countries under siege bring WWII to an end.  Is it too much for the Hawaiian Kingdom to ask its fellow Family of  Nations and all benefactors of this sacrifice to end the siege/illegal US occupation on the Hawaiian Islands?  We ask this of our Treaty Partners, and all member States of the UN.

Was the 2018 ‚alleged‘ false Missile Attack aimed at Pearl Harbor & Waipahu Missile Range, really false? Was this just another attempt to engage in war with N Korea by saying their missile did the attack when in fact it would have been US initiated? It’s easy for the US to sacrafice someone else’s lands, nation and people while protecting its own.  The 1850 US – Hawaiian Island Treaty with the King, His heirs and His successors did not include the US using our islands as their shield or sacraficial military outpost.  I as an heir of Kamehameha I & III, protest to this taking, this trespass and this occupation and demand the immediate cessation of all military activity in our islands.

Is it coincidental that military personnel did drills for months before & same person would have their families also do drills in case of a missile attack that would have radiation affects? Why would the Govenor & his family of Hawaii be in a protective bunker long before the warning was released? Why would the State of Hawaii Govenor say a missile launch alert button was ‚accidentally‘ pushed when no such button exists?  The lies and dissengenous acts are blatant and with no apology.

Dr. Alfred de Zayas Former UN OHCHR Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order wrote:

„In the universe of human rights in which we have been operating for so long,

there are „consensus“ victims and others than apparently can be safely „ignored“

the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom and the exploitation of native Hawaiians by the US belongs to that category

of „victims who somehow do not count“

no one seems to know what happened to them

and worse — no one seems to care

But the US did pull a fast one on the UN in 1959 and this resolution 1469 remains fundamentally flawed.“

My question to all member Nations of the UN; what good are your covenants if the signing members are not willing to enforce them?  It then appears to enslave into submission the weaker countries at the will of the military powerful countries.  So if the members are not enforcing their covenants, who are the people that are enforcing them upon you?  Are these covenants mechanisms really only controls to administered upon the members at will by the selective few?  Because the US finances a big part of the UN Organization, does that give it the priviledge to circumvent its obligations and agreements?  Is that the benefit of financial support?  It seems to me the US‘ financial support over and above all other member nations gives the US a clout, benefits and privileges that other member states don’t enjoy.  It seems wrong that the US should be allowed to contribute to a UN Agency and have influence in it when they refuse to be governed by it.  This is a conflict of interest if its financial support gives them right to influence, but not be held accountable; right?  This in itself would be ground for discontent & disharmony by member States.

What is at risk for all nations, not just Switzerland and Europe, is the imperialistic reach of yet another ambitious few with a world class militia in hand who wish to rule the earth; Who wish to de-populate the earth, who wish to control all resources of the earth.  At what point is enough; enough?

I believe all nations are waking up, the citizens of the world are waking up…. isn’t it time the voices of the world citizens are heard and we make right the wrongs that allow breaking the rules as long as you have a big army to shove their will and philosphies down our throats?  The responsiblities of leadership is to care and protect the people in their realm.  Today, it appears governments are more focused on providing protections and services to commercial entities whether they do right or wrong for their citizens and abroad.

Doing rights can start right here and now with the UN revoking the General Assembly Resolution 1469 that falsely and incorrectly associates the Hawaiian Islands as the US 50th State?  Isn’t it time the UN stops rolling over and looking the other way to bullies?

As a mother, Why do we mothers do we disipline, guide, and teach our children to be kind, to take care of our fellowman, to be educated so that they can be good contributors to society and encourage them to be their best.  Why as parents are we willing to be strict with our children to teach them right from wrong  then not put our foot down to stop our children to go into the world to assert behaviors we never approved.  We were willing to be unpopular with our children, because there was a higher, bigger love and wish we have for them; to have a world they can thrive in.

Shame on us for letting our children and spouses/partners be anything other then their most righteous and their best for all mankind.  Shame on us for letting the horrifying agressions of war and pursuits of power to get this far when innocent lives, private lands, traditional cultural and  practices, sacred sites, burials are lost for another military base, another resort, and another  for

When is it the right time to do the right thing?  How many more innocent lives must be lost or devastated before we say enough is enough?  This is not just a time for UN Members to stand up and say „no more concessions to wrong doers!“   It’s time for the citizens of the world to do the same, for wives and mothers to demand of their husband and childrens to live a life of righteous decisions in their work and personal lives.  The end of the wrong doing comes when we each say, „NO MORE!“

The Hawaii Delegation and the Heirs of Kamehameha I and III ask the Citizens of Switzerland, Europe and all UN Nation States to demand their Nations to make an inquiry into the US Report A/4226 submitted on 24 September 1959 that describes Hawaii the 50th US States without the inclusion of any of the Hawaiian Islands.  Upon verification of this misleading definition that does not included any of the Hawaiian Islands (It can be done in less than 2 hours); Demand an immediate emergency UN General Assembly meeting to revoke 1469 and the US de- occupation of the Hawaiian Islands under the watchful eye of the UN Membership for a smooth, peaceful transition back to Hawaiian Kingdom self governance which does not require any further UN Committee actions.

Please find the attachments that has been sent out to the UN membership regarding this matter below and in the attachments.  Also please read Dr. Alfred de Zayas‘ Article that gives further light to Racial Descrimination in the US-  in the UN magazine New Special

about the „discovery“ of america and the devastating effect on the First Nations of America — massacred and victims of European diseases.

October 2020 issue, pp. 38-41

Dr. Alfred de Zayas also brings our attention to Martin Luther King in his book „Why we can’t Wait“ (1964, pp. 119-120) writes:

„Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race. Even before there were large numbers of Negroes on our shores, the scar of racial hatred had already disfigured colonial society. From the sixteenth century forward, blood flowed in battles of racial supremacy. We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe its indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade. Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or to feel remorse for this shameful episode. Our literature, our films, our drama, our folklore all exalt it.“

Dr. de Zayas concludes: „Alas, my research as a historian confirms the words of Dr. King.“

The Kanaka Maoli Hawaiian Nationals can be best understood by its Hawaiian Kingdom Declaration of Rights and Constitution which was voluntarily proposed and signed by His Majesty King Kamehameha III on June 7, 1839, which was the first departure from the ancient legal practices in the Hawaiian Kingdom. It declared the protection of the proclaimed rights of both the Chiefly, Common aboriginal  & national Tenants.

In English translation the first article (Pauku) says: God hath made of one blood all nations of men, to dwell on the face of the earth in unity and blessedness. God has also bestowed certain rights alike on all men, and all chiefs and all people of all lands.

In Olelo Hawaii: Ua hana mai ke Akua i na lahuikanaka a pau i ke koko hookahi, e noho like lakou ma ka honua nei me ke kuikahi, a me ka pomaikai. Ua haawi mai no ke Akua i kekahi mau waiwai like, no na kanaka a pau, me na’lii a pau o na aina a pau loa.

The Hawaiian Language has many layers of meaning depending on who it is being directed to.  So the same words will have a slightly deeper meaning to those who can hear it.  When I delve into the meaning of these words It appears to be a manifesto for all mankind, not just for the Hawaiian Nationals and Kanaka Maoli (aboriginals). This is my translation of its deeper meanings as it was being spoken by GOD the Creator to King Kamehameha III:

I your Creator, have completed my creation for all mankind, for the nations of man, being of one blood, I am your mother, your father, your source.  You are my children, you are brothers and sisters from one source and for this you must remember, though you may live apart, develop different customs out of necessity, you are still one, you are equal, you are of one nation, you are my children and I gift you a mother ship (mother earth) to dwell upon, to thrive upon, to create upon, to grow upon, and to evolve upon together in this third dimension; this is your papa honua (mother ship), the provider of all, the riches for all equally to flourish in, and by.

I promised at all times, you will have everything you need to thrive, to create, to care for one another.  Your Papa honua (mother ship) is your school, its where you come to evolve your soul for your eternal life, you will do this through big and small tasks; through the work of your mind, your hands, your labor and for this no one can take away, this is yours, now and forever (intellectual property).

The materials you need for your daily needs are all around you.  The abundance and riches of the earth belongs to all of you, my children; but you must steward it as if it was your special gift, alone, even though you are not the owner, just the caretaker.

I send my representatives, na’lii, on my behalf to serve you and guide you to your betterment and soul evolution so when you return home you will be allowed to dwell in the highest parts of heaven.  Love each other, as I love you, provide for each other, as I provide for you; take care of each other as I take care of you; all you need can be found upon all the land, this is my promise and covenant with you.

  You are me, I am you, let me know the third dimension through you, let my power be yours to do my will, to bring heaven upon the earth for all mankind to evolve to their highest selves, for life is eternal with me.

This is what was shown to me when I asked what does these words in Pauku 1 mean?  What was King Kamehameha III’s inspiration to voluntarily give up his absolute rulership over the Hawaiian Islands while maintaining constitutional rulership to the Kamehameha Heirs.

I found this deeper meaning profound, and with it I have a better understanding of what King Kamehameha III was gifting his people, I feel so honored to come from a society of Divine thinkers who put their people’s needs as high as their own if not higher.   Who remembers that the responsibility of leadership is to serve the people, rather than ruling with a personal agenda.  This is what the Kanaka Maoli people of the Hawaiian Islands brings to its international brothers and sisters.  We remember who we are, and maybe just maybe we can inspire others to get back to the roots of their own civilization of good with all man’s common rights intact.

I wish this for all and I pray that our international brothers and sisters from the family of nations remember our treaties and friendship and will help us by Revoking UN GA 1469 that incorrectly associates the Hawaiian Islands with the US as its 50th US State.  Please review links and attachments below.

All my best – Mahalo nui loa (Thank you so very much) for all your help to bring our demand to revoke UN GA Resolution 1469 now into the public consciousness to right this wrong.

I am Routh Bolomet, heir of Kamehameha I and III.
I am also a citizen of Switzerland through my marriage.


More  information:








Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Hawaiian Kingdom

• The Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands is actually a sovereign, independent country. The
Hawaiian Islands is not part of the United States… and never was! The Hawaiian Kingdom
never surrendered its sovereignty and the United States never lawfully acquired either the
sovereignty or any territory comprising the Hawaiian Islands.
• Knowing the Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands lawfully continues to exist, Hawaiian
patriots reactivated their government and a growing number of people are embracing their
identity as Hawaiian nationals and carrying on a vigorous campaign to reestablish Hawaii’s
rightful standing as a sovereign, independent nation-state in continuity.
• Hawaiians call on the international community to support the campaign to free Hawaii and
invite countries from around the world to honor their historic treaties, agreements and other
international obligations with the Hawaiian Kingdom, so the Hawaiian people can again live
in peace and harmony as part of the family of nations.
During the Nineteenth Century, the Hawaiian Kingdom was a fully recognized sovereign
nation, with bilateral and multi-lateral treaties with 46 other sovereign nations and with over
130 embassies and consulates posted around the world.
Beginning in 1893, the United States of America committed a series of unlawful acts,
violating the sovereignty of the Hawaiian Kingdom, causing regime change and installing
puppet governments, resulting in what is now the US-occupied Hawaiian Islands, purported
to be “Hawaii, the 50th State of the United States of America.”
In 1893 and again in 1993 the United States formally apologized for its wrongful actions,
admitting that the sovereignty of the Hawaiian Kingdom was never extinguished, nor was it
ever lawfully relinquished, nor was it lawfully acquired by the U.S.
Nevertheless, the United States continues to falsely claim that Hawaii is part of the United
States; refuses to acknowledge Hawaii’s true international standing; and avoids its legal and
moral obligation to end the illegal occupation of the Hawaiian Islands. Instead, the U.S. in
recent years has endeavored to fortify its grip on the islands by trying to create a Native-
Hawaiian tribal government to act as a proxy “nation” with whom the U.S. Federal
Government could contrive a sham settlement for the wrongful taking — yet remain in
control of the Hawaiian Islands.
In 1946, the United States of America submitted “Hawaii” (the Hawaiian Islands) for
placement on the United Nations list of “Non-Self-Governing Territories” under Article 73 of
the UN Charter, indicating Hawaii was eligible for decolonization. It is now apparent by the
events that followed that this was a scheme to exploit the UN’s decolonization procedure to
promote the United States’ false claim to the Hawaiian Islands and create the appearance of
legitimacy. In 1959, the United States conducted a snap plebiscite for Hawaii residents to
give their approval for “statehood”; the integration of Hawaii into the United States.
However, no effort was made to inform the public of other possible choices, such as
independence, and no explanation was provided regarding the ramifications of the vote. The
only option presented on the ballot was: ‘yes’ to statehood. Despite this and other forms of
flagrant voter-manipulation, the United States’ submitted report A4226 to the UN General
Assembly which falsely claimed that the Hawaiian People had consented to become
integrated into the United States.
Without monitoring, review or verification of the vote by neutral observers or a competent
UN agency, the United States’ report was accepted. The UN General Assembly adopted
Resolution 1469 on 12 December 1959, indicating that because the Hawaiian people had
apparently exercised their right to self-determination and given their consent to become a
state of the United States, the matter of the political status of the Hawaiian Islands was settled
and the U.S. was no longer required to report to the General Assembly on Hawaii’s status as
a non-self-governing territory.
Using this misleading report, the U.S. perpetrated fraud by hijacking the UN’s decolonization
process, causing the UN itself to become complicit in the fraud. Even though it is based on
fraud, UNGA Resolution 1469 upholds the official stance of the United Nations and its
member states: that the political status of the Hawaiian Islands has been settled; and that
Hawaii is an integral part of the United States.
Over the past 20 years, Hawaiians have filed numerous petitions, reports, complaints and
appeals to various bodies of the UN, protesting the United States’ false claim to the Hawaiian
Islands. Communications to the UN include: appeals to the Secretary General, various
Presidents of the General Assembly, the Decolonization Committee, the Fourth Committee,
the Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights, the Human Rights Committee, the
Human Rights Council, the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, the
Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous
Peoples and others.
Following are a few indications of international concern for the Hawaii situation:
• In 2008, members of the Committee for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination asked the
United States to explain the procedure used to make Hawaii a state of the United States.
The US did not respond.
• In 2010 at a side event of the Universal Periodic Review of the USA, the US representative
dodged the question about the procedure used to induct Hawaii into the United States. He
said, “The political question has been settled.”
• In 2013, Dr. Alfred M. deZayas, the UN independent expert for the promotion of a
democratic and equitable international order, in paragraph 69 (n) of document A/68/284 of
his Report to the UN General Assembly, cited Hawaii among the places that should be
considered by the United Nations decolonization procedures. This indicated that the
Independent Expert regarded the question of the political status Hawaii is not settled.
• In 2015 at the Universal Periodic Review of the United States of America, the Islamic
Republic of Pakistan requested that the United States respond to the recommendation of
paragraph 69 (n) from Dr. deZayas’ 2013 report to the UN General Assembly, with regard
to the situations of Alaska, Hawaii and the Dakotas. This query by Pakistan suggested that
these matters of political status under international law have not been properly settled.
• In 2017 the Hawaiian Islands filed petitions with both the Fourth Committee and the
Committee of 24, calling for a review of GA Resolution 1469 and, upon finding it resulted
from false information, declare GA Resolution 1469 null and void.
• In 2017 a complaint was filed with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
by heirs and descendants, titleholders to lands in Hawaii, who have had lands unlawfully
seized and sold to foreign entities, in collusion with the courts of the puppet State of Hawaii
government. Since these are private titles granted by the laws of the Hawaiian Kingdom,
they require ajudication under Hawaiian Kingdom laws or Hawaiian Kingdom treaties.
• In 2019 a Shadow Report by the Koani Foundation NGO was filed to address the Universal
Periodic Review of the United States of America. The report enumerated multiple human
rights violations in the Hawaiian Islands resulting from the illegal occupation of the
Hawaiian Islands by the United States.
We call upon the Human Rights Committee and other pertinent bodies of the United Nations
to affirm that the political status of the Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands is that of a
sovereign nation in continuity; and that the United States claim of sovereignty over the
Hawaiian Islands is disingenuous and fraudulent.
We call upon the UN General Assembly to review the circumstances that led to the adoption
of UNGA Resolution 1469 of 12 December 1959. Upon reviewing the resolution and
discovering its error, the UN would be obligated by its Charter to correct the error by
revoking UNGA Resolution 1469. Thus, the United States’ claim that “the political question
has been settled,” will be invalid. Likewise, the United States’ claim of sovereignty over the
Hawaiian Islands will be invalid. The inherent sovereignty of the Hawaiian Islands would
become apparent and indisputable. Thus, the illegal occupation of the Hawaiian Islands
would come to an end, under international law, the U.S. will be required to withdraw its
claim and its presence from the Hawaiian Islands and the Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands
as a sovereign, independent state would be affirmed and reinstated.
A simple review by the General Assembly of UNGA Resolution 1469 would trigger the
return of the Kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands to its proper standing as a sovereign,
independent, neutral country.

On the Ocean or in the Garden, the Key Is Nurturing the Soul

Bruce Blankenfeld is initiated „pwo“ master navigator. Sam Low

Re-post from Sam Low ; Thursday, June 9, 2016 – 4:22pm

Sam Low

When Hokule’a sails into Vineyard Haven on Tuesday, June 28 the captain and navigator Bruce Blankenfeld will guide her to Tisbury Wharf. Bruce stands over six feet tall and he weighs under 180 pounds. He is well built but not showy. Thick black hair caps a long handsome face. His eyes are set deep under full lids. His shoulders are large, his waist is slim and his forearms are those of an outrigger canoe paddler.

Bruce became involved with Hokule’a in 1977 by volunteering on training sails, along with working on construction and repair of the canoe in drydock. Since then, he has voyaged more then 70,000 miles throughout Polynesia and Micronesia and on voyages to Vancouver, Alaska and Japan. In 2007, in a sacred ceremony on the tiny Micronesian island of Satawal, he was initiated into the rank of pwo (master) navigator by Mau Piailug, the man who taught all of Hokule’a’s navigators the ancient art of navigating without instruments by following signs in nature.

Bruce Blankenfeld

“Bruce is the most natural ocean person I think I have ever met,” said Nainoa Thompson, navigator and president of the Polynesian Voyaging Society. “When he leaves the land and goes to sea there is no adjustment time. No nothing. Bruce changes from the land to the ocean by becoming completely relaxed. He calms people down because he’s so calm and relaxed himself. If you took the ocean away from Bruce, you would take away half his life. He is just so innately inclined to the ocean.”

When Bruce is on land, which is not often now that Hokule’a is sailing around the world on a voyage to malama honua (care for the planet), he is often found in his garden tending taro, a plant that was at the center of ancient Hawaiian farming and remains so today.

“For Bruce growing taro is in his genes,” said Nainoa. “Caring for the land nurtures his soul. Whenever he’s in his taro, I don’t bug him. I walk right on by. It’s his soul that is being nurtured along with the taro.”

“In the old days,” Bruce said, “Hawaiians all worked together on the taro patches. Of course the life style was totally different. It wasn’t based on economics, it was based on mutual understanding and working together. It was based on the Hawaiian concept of malama, caring for each other. Everybody got together, they worked on farming and they reaped the benefits from it. And everybody also had their own little plots, their own little farm. In the old days people worked together in the fish ponds, the taro fields and the sweet potato gardens for the basic sustenance of everyone.”

Hawaiians like Bruce have learned from their ancestors that all life is tied together in a seamless web, a concept that scientists today might refer to as ecology. The Hawaiian landscape inhabited by Hawaiians — which they called an ahupua’a — grades from mountaintop to ocean with each of the separate ecological zones providing food and all the basic resources to sustain life. Hawaiians of old believed the ocean and the sea were not separate; they were part of a much larger natural whole.

“Every plant and animal in the sea has a counterpart on land,” Bruce said. “A mana opelu is a kind of taro named after the opelu fish, the spots on the stock of the taro are the same as the spots on the belly of the opelu. The Kumu fish and the aholehole fish have their counterpart on land as taro and also as a pig. The pig was often used as an offering to the gods but when there was no pig available you could use either a kumu or an aholehole from the sea in the offering. Everything that you see on land is tied to something in the sea.”

The Hawaiian concept of malama which underlies the voyage of Hokule’a emerges from this basic idea of the unity of all life.

“When they used to go to the mountains and cut down trees for the canoes, our ancestors didn’t think that they were taking the tree’s life. There were ceremonies for cutting the trees and addressing the appropriate spirits. They were not taking the tree’s life, they were just altering its essence, taking it from the forest and putting it into the sea. And in Hawaii the sea and the land are tied together. The sea and the land rely on each other for life just like a woman and a man rely on each other to bring forth new life. You pollute your ocean and you hurt the land. You pollute your land and the ocean is going to feel it. Everything relies on each other for life. Animals, fish, birds deserve the respect that you treat all life with. That’s basic. Everything that is living deserves your respect. That’s why you don’t go cut down forests or pollute your environment, everybody and everything is related somehow.”

To learn more about Hokule’a and her voyage around the world, visit Hokule’a will visit Martha’s Vineyard from June 28 to July 1 at Tisbury Wharf. Mr. Low is a former Hokule’a crewmember and the author of Hawaiki Rising – Hokule’a, Nainoa Thompson and the Hawaiian Renaissance. He lives in Oak Bluffs.


Mahalo to: