Introduction & Presentation
1. scheduling tool
We are traveling three months through the Hawaiian Islands and have not yet come into contact with Niklaus Schweizer. Our quiet island life in the great Pacific is slowly coming to an end and our hectic world will soon be back. One of my last great wishes, even before my departure, is to learn the story of Hawai’i from the Swiss language and history expert who lives in Hawai’i.
With our friend, the Minister of Foreign Affairs Leon Siu, we were in the company of the 181 year anniversary of the „Overthrown of Hawai’i“ at the Iolani Palace. At this celebration, Leon Siu took the time to introduce us to several well-known personalities such as the conductor of the „Royal Hawai’ian Music Band“, various Kupunas and bosses, as well as people of the royal family. I have to say what interesting people are with their short stories in our announcement. Also Leon Siu presented us in tropical heat, without shadow, us Niklaus Schweizer, who held the speech for the party only a short time ago, in front of the stairs of the palace.
When I offered my hand to him and wanted to give my name again, he already answered with an outraged laugh that we were the ones who wanted to interview him. Without asking a question from us, he grabs his left inner suit pocket and brings his slightly wavy agenda out to the blazing sun. Briefly he leafed through the months in it and stopped this week. Without much study, he gave us a meeting tomorrow afternoon at 3.00pm. It is touching to stand in front of the person, with an interview in hand, which one knew as a child in the news of the black and white television as a Swiss general consular ago.
Early in the morning of January 19th, 2018, the sun shines over the crater rim of Diamond Head into our hotel room. With the rushing ocean as background music on my „buzzing“, I control the Accus, which I had loaded through the night, before our second to last spin with Niklaus Schweizer at the University of Honolul Manoa.
2. History about the University
Trunk on, film equipment in and the cover to pop again. Get in, safety belts on and start the car. Here we go. Walk under the trees of Kapi ‚olani Park to the intersection of Kapahulu Ave., turn right and drive along the avenue between the golf course and the shops towards Highway H1. Take care there and drive down, keep left and drive towards Manoa Valley. At the third traffic light turn right and immediately left again at the next possibility. In the middle of the street, on the driving direction separation mäuerchen appears a stately Mamorsäule with big inscription:
Hawai’i Kingdom was way ahead of its time in Europe as it was in Europe or the US. The king and the country should be proud of the idea that a Hawaiian university was keeping its head next to all the other universities in the world. The curriculum would of course include the faculties of law, medicine and divinity. „
A kingdom without a university looks like an anomaly.
The University of Hawai’i in Mānoa was founded in 1907 under the Morrill Act as Land Grant College of Agriculture and Mechanics.
Regular classes began the following year with President John Gilmore at the helm and five newcomers, five preparatory students and 13 faculty in temporary quarters near Honolulu Thomas Square. In 1912, the newly designated College of Hawai’i moved to the Mānoa Valley and the first permanent building – now called Hawai’i Hall – was built between pork farms and Kiawe groves.
The University of Hawai’i in Mānoa, Honolulu has the largest library of Hawai’ian Island housed in two buildings, the Hamilton Library and Sinclair Library. Hamilton Library, has an area of 28,267.1 m2 which focuses on collections in the humanities, social sciences, science and technology, with an emphasis on collections for Asia, Hawaii and the Pacific; Archives, manuscripts and other special collections. In the 8’800 m2 Sinclair Library you will find the music collection, the course reserve reading service, the Wong Audiovisual Center and older bound magazines. The collections include 3,102,696 volumes, 2,353,143 microfilm units, 1,808 m of manuscripts and archives, 63,942 audiovisual elements, 15,752 maps and aerial photographs, and approximately 70,751 current series / journal titles in paper, microform and / or electronic format.
- Geschichte der Universität of Hawaii at Manoa
- Wikipedia, University of Hawai’i
- Manoa Heritage Center
- Manoa Valley
- „the Manoa Valley from 1800 to present“ von David DeLeon,1978
- A perfect day
- Manoa Falls
3. Who is Niklaus Schweizer?
Niklaus Rudolf Schweizer, son of Rudolf Alexander Schweizer and Hedwig Louise Ulrich, was born on August 21, 1939 in Zurich. In 1964, Niklaus R. Schweizer completed his bachelor’s degree in art. He then went to the University of California and in 1968 his title on „Doctor of Philosophy“. He then traveled to Hawai’i where he has been teaching German since 1969 at the University of Hawai’i in Manoa. He specialized in European influence in the Pacific. Niklaus Schweizer, a professor at the University of Hawai’i, was appointed in 1973 in Hawai’i the man of honor in Switzerland. Not only was General Konsular of Switzerland and professor of the German language, he was and is also an active writer. He is the author of the following books:
- Turning Tide;
- Journal des Mahlers;
- Ludwig York Choris ;
- Ein Dichter unter den Entdeckern: Chamisso in der Südsee
- Hawai’i und die deutschsprachigen Völker
- Seine Hawaiianische Exzellenz.
- Seine hawaiianische Exzellenz, 3. Aufl., 2003
- Turning Tide, 3. Aufl 2004.
He is also chairman of the Friends of the Royal Hawaiian Band and member of the board of Moanalua Gardens Foundation and the ‚Ahahui Ka’iulani. Furthermore, Niklaus R. Schweizer is also an honorary member of the Royal Order of Kamehameha.
4. Who is Lorenz Gonschor?
Lorenz was born on July 23, 1973 in Dresden, Germany and taught at the Gymnasium of Tübingen. Later, in 2003, he studied anthropology, history and political science at the University of Tübingen. In 2008, he moved to the University of Hawai’i Manoa, where he assisted Professor Niklaus Schweizer. He completes his education and his degree deep in the South Seas, among others in Tonga. Lorenz Gonschor is also a book author.
6. The small interview room
From the parking lot we walk on the huge university campus under shady trees between dormitories and teaching houses to the meeting point. Where will our interview take place? We had to ask for the way and building of Niklaus Schweizer. Shortly afterwards we met him too. Humorous and with joy, he greeted us in what he also told us that he had a reinforcement. He introduced us to Lorenz Gonschor and led us together to a small room where he explained that this was his study. The expression „workroom“ for these more than books and magazines crowded, no …, to overflowed chamber is simply an „exaggeration.“
The books are stacked and set up in every situation. I have not found any free space in the bookshelves, let alone on the tables. I think there were tables there, I did not see them under the weight of the books. I also wondered, how do we bring in four chairs here for the first? Also, the camera with her tripod should somehow find a place with a certain distance to the receiving object, a place. I only know that there is no Oscar mature, beautiful pictures, when the lens sits directly in the face of the interlocutor. We have to have a distance. So my wife Shana sits between the door frame of the chamber and the stairwell. I get stuck between the bookshelf and the camera. My thought was only: „Do not move!“, So I do not throw down the bookshelf during the recording or overturn the camera.
For more than 60 minutes, we were not only trapped in the narrow space, no, we were also captured by the high-profile story of Niklaus Schweizer and Lorenz Gonschor.
The following topics were discussed in the interview:
The Kingdom of Hawai’i
- Tell us something about the Kingdom of Hawai’i
- Hawai’i had several kingdoms
- Association of Hawai’i
- 1843 recognition of Hawai’i Kingdom by England and France
- Question: Does the royal family have offspring today?
Hawai’i and foreign policy
- Hawai’i sent delegates to Tsar III
- Affiliation with the USA
- Hawai’i became a member of UPU Jan. 1, 1882
Laws and contracts
- Question: From the mountain to the ocean. The Hawai’ian law. Hawai’i had a constitution?
- Hawai’ian Kingdom Law
Religion and church
- Change of churches and freemasons from American to English (Calvinists) antimonarchists – 1860/70 descendants – own press against the royal house; Friend newspaper was one of them- press became radical and corrupt, ideological hatred was played-Hawai’ians opposed it-sugar plantations owners / lawyers / no longer in the executive missionary sons were well-educated in New England. Economy invests
The clock of annexation begins to tick
- Married to the sugar plantation owner
- Justitz infiltration
- The Big 5; Late 1880
- Armed force; Conspiracy – „Missionary Party“
- Should USA stay isolated (iso-listists) or how will Europe expand? 1890
- Last US envoy Stevons supporter of the imperialist group
- Stevons gave the U.S.S. Boston ordered the 200 soldiers to intervene with rifles, etc., against the missionary coup attempt.
- The missionary group formed the government under the protection of US soldiers
- Telephone connections globally / through no connection from Hawai’i they could not complain in Washington.
- Question: What was the mission of the US battleship „Boston“ off the coast of Honolulu?
- Question: Why did the USA want Hawai’i? What are the phone cable connections to the US a role?
- Because of Pearl Habor and because of China; from an economic perspective
- Was the Hawaiian kingdom a model for the other South Pacific islands in the Pacific? – Ships change – Kamehamea buys shipbuilder Johann Jacob Bastor ships types at that time
- Despite earlier migrations to the South Seas, how could Hawai’i isolate himself?
- Question: Why do not the currents organize themselves?
- Two groups / schools in Hawai’i – 1. decolonization of Hi 2. We have never been annexed. We only need the acceptance of the countries
Recognition of Hawai’i’s independence is missing or The conflict with the law
- Arbitration court The Hague clarifies that Hawai’i is self-employed
- A political conflict can not take place in the South Seas, everyone wants paradise
- Cognitive Distinance (Incomprehension)
- Today, after a long process, it has been found out that there is no annexation contract.
- What does Hollywood have to do with Hawai’i? Hawai’i and Tourism (Div. Poster v. Movies, music)
Script and language
- Question: Is it possible to trace the origin of the Hawaiians based on the language in the South Seas?
- Can the petroglyphs be counted as the first Hawaiian script?
- Question: The Hawaiian language. How did the Mele song come to the Scriptures?
- The interest in writing was great in Hawai’i.
- Hence many newspapers and prints
- Hawai’i has most of the printed pages of the West in the 19Jh.
- The scandal of the Hawaiian language in 1896; could not be spoken anymore
- German factory: Germany in the South Sea
Switzerland and Hawai’i – the two paradises on earth
- What does Switzerland have to do with the South Seas? John Webber – Iselin from Basel – General Suter – Suter and Sacramento
- Swiss friendship treaty with the hawai’ian Kingdom, 1864
- Is the Swiss Friendship Treaty of 1864 still valid?
- What is the future of Hawai’i? ePower state?